Prostate Cancer Guide

prostate problems man Prostate Cancer Guide Photo

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. There are many factors that can contribute to developing prostate cancer, some avoidable others not. It’s important to know what you can do to help prevent it, as well as what the symptoms are. If you are aware of the symptoms, it’s likely you can catch the disease early.

Read through this guide to educate yourself on the symptoms, treatments, and risk factors of prostate cancer.

Inflammation of the prostate may be caused by infection, and there are three major types:

1. Bacterial (acute or chronic)

2. Nonbacterial

3. Prostatodynia

Symptoms 

Bacterial Nonbacterial Prostatodynia
Fever Occasional discomfort in testicles Pain in area of prostate gland, testicles, penis, or urethra
Chills Discharge Difficulty urinating
Lower back pain Blood or urine in ejaculation *Risk factors
Aching muscles Low sperm count
Fatigue Sexual difficulties
Frequent or painful urination Frequent urination

*Certain activities increase risk such as: Recent bladder infection, STDs, frequent unprotected sex or with multiple partners, excessive alcohol consumption, eating lots of spicy marinated foods, or injury to lower pelvis.

 

General Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Men 40+: Family history of prostate cancer and African American

Men 50+: Family history of prostate cancer, all races

Diet: Low fiber, high fat, high intake of red meat

 

Treatment Options

There are a few different options for treatment of prostate cancer. Depending on the severity of the diagnosis, you may have the option to choose which method you’d like to proceed with. Usually each treatment is performed one at a time, but in some cases they are combined. Before making your decision you should take into consideration your age, other serious health conditions, stage of the cancer, and the possible side effects.

Some common treatment options include:

-Removal of prostate

-Radiation

-Hormone therapy

-Immunotherapy

-Cryosurgery

 

Prevention Methods

While it’s not always possible to prevent cancer from developing, especially if you have a family history, there are healthy decisions you can make throughout your life that can make a difference. Most importantly, get checked by a doctor yearly after you turn 40. If you notice any symptoms, visit your doctor immediately. Living a generally healthy lifestyle is another great preventative measure you can take. Eat well (high fat foods equal high risk) and watch your weight as obesity is a contributing factor to prostate cancer. Exercising regularly, not smoking, drinking lots of water, and limiting alcohol intake are all great prevention methods as well. You should also have regular sex; this empties the prostate of seminal fluid that contains carcinogenic substances.

Find a urologist near you to have your prostate checked