Health Guide for 40-50 Year Olds

Keeping regular checkups with your health care provider is important even if you feel fine. The goals is to:

  • Rule out any medical problems before they progress
  • Establish a relationship with your doctor and other healthcare providers before a medical problem
  • Bring vaccinations current
  • Promote healthy lifestyle choices

Below is our health guide for men and women ages 40 – 50.

Health Guide Title Image 40 50 Health Guide for 40 50 Year Olds Photo
FREQUENCY MEDICAL CONDITION HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
Blood Pressure Measurement
Annually if BP is
120-139/80-89Every 2 years if
BP is lower than 120/80 (considered normal)
Rule out:
• Hypertension (high)
• Hypotension (low)
• Heart Disease
Internist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner
Clinic
Free reading at drugstore
STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease)

Annually if active sexually with more than one partner

Rule out:
• Syphilis
• Chlamydia
• Herpes
• HPV/genital warts
• Gonorrhea

Gynecologist
Internist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner
Family Planning Clinic

Urinalysis

Every 3 years

Rule out:
• Diabetes
• Urinary tract problem

General Practitioner
Internist
Nurse Practitioner
Gynecologist

Rectal Exam

Annually if symptomatic or

At time of physical exam

Rule out:
• Hemorrhoids
• Fissures
• Rectocele
• Obstructions
• Anal warts
• Prostate size (for males)

General Practitioner
Internist
Nurse Practitioner
Gynecologist
Gastroenterologist

Skin Check

Annually

Rule out:
• Changes to moles
• Lesions
• Growths

General Practitioner
Internist
Nurse Practitioner
Dermatologist

Weight

Weekly self-exam

Wild fluctuations or unexpected changes can suggest:
• Thyroid dysfunction
• Eating disorders
• Stress/Anxiety
• Reaction to Medication
• Response to exercise
plan

General Practitioner
Internist
Nurse Practitioner
Endocrinologist

Breast Exam

Monthly self-exam

Done by health provider every 3 years

Rule out:
• Inflammation
• Cysts
• Growths
• Nipple discharge

Gynecologist
General Practitioner
Internist
Nurse Practitioner

Pap Smear

Annually
for sexually active woman or 3 years after onset of sexual activity

Every 2 years if not sexually active

Pap test with HPV together every 5 years

Rule out:
• Cervicitis
• HPV
• Cervical Cancer

Gynecologist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner

Pelvic Exam

Every 2 years

Rule out:
• Ovarian cysts
• Inflammation
• Cervicitis
• Uterine enlargement
• STDs

Gynecologist

Eye Exam

Every 1-3 years with vision problems or glaucoma

Rule out:
• Glaucoma
• Myopia
• Diabetic eye disease
• Eye infection
• Inflammation
• Injury
• Optic neuritis

Ophthalmologist
Optometrist
General Practitioner
Internist

Blood Test – Cholesterol Panel

Once <44

>44 yrs of age, cholesterol test every 5 years

Sign of higher risk for heart disease

Laboratory
Ordered by:
Internist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner
Gynecologist

Blood Test – Glucose/Diabetic Screen

Once (more often if family history of diabetes, heart or kidney problems or abnormal sugar level) if BP is more than 135/80 or taking medicine for high blood pressure

Diabetes

Laboratory
Ordered by:
Internist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner
Gynecologist

Blood Test – CBC (Complete Blood Count)

Once if asymptomatic

Anemia

Laboratory
Ordered by:
Internist
General Practitioner
Nurse Practitioner
Gynecologist

Dental Exam

Every year for exam and cleaning

Rule out dental caries, growths in oral cavity, plaque

Dentist

Mammogram

Every 1-2 years

Rule out tumors or breast cancer

Radiologist

DEXA Scan (Bone Density Test)

Once if:

1. Postmenopausal with fractures

2. Screen if risk fractures present for osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Radiologist

Gynecologist

Prostate Cancer Screen

Once at age 45 if African American male or men with positive family history

Prostate cancer

Urologist

Internist

General practitioner

Vitals Logo Health Guide for 40 50 Year Olds Photo

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