An immunization is the process of acquiring protection from disease. This is achieved by receiving vaccines, which provide immunity from disease. These are administered by injections, orally or by aerosol.
The following immunizations should be done in the 30-40-year age range:
Flu vaccination (influenza)- Annually
Hemophilis Influenzae: One or 3 doses
- One if – sickle cell disease present or undergoing elective splenectomy
- Three dose if: Undergoing stem cell transplant
Tetanus-diphtheria and pertussis: Booster every 10 years
- A primary vaccination sequence of Tdap should be given if vaccine history unknown or have never received an initial dose
Varicella vaccine (when born after 1980 and haven’t had chickenpox): Those without evidence of immunity to varicella should get 2 doses of single-antigen varicella vaccine.
Hepatitis B: 3-dose series if not already received
- Also- healthcare workers exposed to blood and body fluids
- Those with diabetes, on hemodialysis, end-stage renal disease
- Those working in STD treatment sites, drug abuse facilities
Hepatitis A: 2 shot series if traveling or at risk
- Those using injection of elicit drugs
- Men engaged in sex with men and those using elicit drugs
- Those with chronic liver disease
- Receiving clotting factors
- Working with HIV in research or those infected
Pneumococcal shot: If warranted by a chronic health problem
MMR (measles, mumps, rubella): 1 or 2 doses for those working in a healthcare facility, plan to travel abroad or are students in a higher educational institution. If no immunity is proven, Rubella should be given to women of childbearing age.