Back to School Vaccinations

From preschool to college, schools at all levels require documentation that students have received the vaccinations recommended for people of their age.

vaccine 200x300 Back to School Vaccinations Photo

What vaccinations does your child need before heading back to school?

Here is an outline of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ recommended immunization schedule for each age group:
There are a number of vaccines that a child is supposed to have received prior to the age of 18 months. These include:

  • Two doses of Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Three doses of Rotavirus
  • Four doses of DTaP (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus)
  • Four doses of HIB (Haemophilus influenzae)
  • Four doses of PCV (Pneumococcal vaccine)
  • Three doses of IPV (Inactivated Poliovirus)
  • One dose of MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)
  • One dose of Varicella (Chicken Pox)
  • One annual dose of Flu vaccine

By the age of 2 years, children with certain health problems or risks should also receive the first dose of the Hepatitis A vaccine, with the second dose being given from 6 to 18 months later. Ask your doctor about whether Hepatitis A vaccination is appropriate for your child.


Elementary School
Children should receive the following vaccinations when they are between the ages of 4 and 6:

  • DTaP (fifth dose)
  • IPV (fourth dose)
  • MMR (second dose)
  • Varicella (second dose)
  • Annual flu shot

Middle School
Between the ages of 11 and 12, the following vaccines are recommended:

  • 1 dose of Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria and polio, a version for older children.)
  • 3 doses of HPV vaccine (Human papilloma virus, or genital warts)
  • 1 dose of MCV (Meningococcal conjugate virus)
  • Annual flu shot


High School and College
At 16 years old, the teen should receive:

  • MCV (second dose).

As an adult, age 18 and older, the CDC recommends:

  • Td (Tetanus/diphtheria ) booster every ten years
  • Annual flu shot

Other immunizations are often recommended for adults, depending on your specific health and environmental conditions.

If you have not followed the recommended immunization schedule and you’re interested in getting back up to date, the American Academy of Pediatrics has a “Catch-Up” schedule available on their immunization website.




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