How to Identify the Signs of Heat Stress

Many parts of the country have already experienced the high temperatures that don’t normally occur until much later in the season. When the mercury rises, it’s important to monitor ourselves, young children, the elderly, and those with high blood pressure in order to avoid the potentially serious effects of heat stress. Here are some things to look out for:

Remember to drink water to replace whats lost through excessive sweating twiniversity.com  How to Identify the Signs of Heat Stress Photo

Remember to drink water to replace what's lost through excessive sweating (twiniversity.com)

Heat Rash

  • A skin irritation caused by excessive sweating
  • Resembles a cluster of red pimples or blisters
  • More likely to occur on the neck, groin, elbow creases, upper chest, and under the breasts

Heat Cramps

  • Muscle cramps or spasms caused by the loss of salt and moisture in the body due to excessive sweating

Heat Syncope

  • Fainting, dizziness, or light-headedness caused by excessive heat, sweating, and dehydration

Heat Exhaustion

  • Heavy sweating
  • Dizziness or confusion
  •  Nausea
  • Clammy skin
  • Pale or flushed complexion
  • Muscle cramps
  • Slightly elevated body temperature
  • Fast and shallow breathing

Heat Stroke

  • Most serious type of heat stress
  • Skin may be hot or dry, or sweating profusely
  • Hallucinations
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Confusion or dizziness
  • Slurred speech

If you observe someone experiencing any of these symptoms of heat stress, it’s very important to bring them somewhere to cool down, rest, and replenish their liquids.  Fanning them and wetting them down with water will help cool them. If the person exhibits signs of heat stroke, call 911 immediately.

Source: cdc.gov